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亚博2020最新版网址-这家清朝时期成立的科技巨头,不得不分家了。



发布日期:2021-02-27 13:17:02 发布者:Admin5  点击率:

Before the beginning of the article, I want to tell you a very cold historical knowledge: IBM was founded in the three years of Qing Xuantong.

在本文开始之前,我想告诉您一个非常冷淡的历史知识:IBM成立于清宣统三年。

Did everyone feel a strong sense of historical fragmentation? Technology companies and a long history, these two seem to be incompatible with each other, and they are perfectly integrated here at IBM.

每个人都感到强烈的历史分裂感吗?科技公司和悠久的历史,这两家似乎彼此不兼容,并且它们在IBM完美地集成在一起。

IBM has also become the "living fossil" of the technology circle. And this year is the 109th year of its establishment.

IBM也已成为技术界的“生命石”。今年是公司成立109周年。

But just when many people feel that IBM, which has been seen everywhere in the world, is still making a fortune and the years are quiet, a recent news has really shocked the technology circle.

但是,当许多人感觉到在世界各地都可以看到的IBM仍在发财,而且岁月平静时,最近的消息确实震惊了技术圈。

That is IBM, the blue giant, who is going to separate.

那就是蓝色巨人IBM将要分开。

Although it sounds very sad, and many media have used "the end of an era" to describe this incident, but seeing the name of the new company, the bad reviewer couldn't help but laugh.

尽管这听起来很可悲,并且许多媒体都使用“时代的终结”来形容这一事件,但是看到这家新公司的名字后,糟糕的评论者还是不禁笑了起来。

Because the name of this new company is tentatively designated as "NewCo", which is the abbreviation of "New Company" (New Company) in English. Such a simple and rude way of naming makes people call the insider.

因为该新公司的名称暂定为“ NewCo”,所以它是英文“ New Company”(新公司)的缩写。这种简单无礼的命名方式使人们称呼内部人员。

According to reports, the new company NewCo will focus on IT infrastructure services, while the original company will focus on cloud computing and AI.

据报道,新公司NewCo将专注于IT基础架构服务,而原公司将专注于云计算和AI。

The split is expected to be completed before the end of 2021.

拆分预计将在2021年底之前完成。

In fact, when it comes to IBM, it is certain that, except for the work needs of a lost crowd, most of the friends present here may not be very familiar with IBM's services.

实际上,在谈到IBM时,可以肯定的是,除了迷路人群的工作需要之外,在座的大多数朋友可能对IBM的服务不是很熟悉。

Just like when the bad reviewer shared the news of IBM's split in the editorial department, "Is IBM hasn't gone bankrupt yet?", "Has Lenovo bought IBM a few years ago?" Such questions have never stopped.

就像糟糕的审稿人在编辑部分享IBM分裂的消息一样,“ IBM尚未破产吗?”,“联想几年前收购了IBM吗?”这些问题从未停止过。

This may be a blind spot for many friends' knowledge. In fact, including barcodes, hard drives, ATMs, and other things you take for granted, they are inseparable from IBM's invention or promotion.

这可能是许多朋友知识的盲点。实际上,包括条形码,硬盘驱动器,ATM以及您认为理所当然的其他事物,它们与IBM的发明或推广密不可分。

This time, the bad reviewer is going to take advantage of the popularity of IBM and give you a simple compliment of the blue giant's story.

这次,糟糕的审阅者将利用IBM的受欢迎程度,并为您简单地赞扬这家蓝色巨人的故事。

And maybe, after reading the news after you have understood the story, you might say a little bit: Oh, separate, normal operation. . .

也许,在您理解了故事后阅读新闻之后,您可能会说一点:哦,单独的正常操作。 。 。

In fact, in a nutshell: IBM is one of the few companies in the world that has successfully escaped multiple economic crises and has successfully transformed itself in previous technological revolutions.

简而言之,IBM是世界上为数不多的几家成功摆脱了多种经济危机并在先前的技术革命中成功转型的公司之一。

IBM is actually an abbreviation, and its full name is: International Business Machines Corporation (International Business Machines Corporation).

IBM实际上是缩写,它的全名是:International Business Machines Corporation(国际商业机器公司)。

When you look at this name, you will know that it has little to do with our ordinary people, because its main customers are large companies and government agencies.

当您查看此名称时,您会知道它与我们的普通百姓几乎没有关系,因为它的主要客户是大公司和政府机构。

IBM's predecessor was actually CTR. It was founded in 1911, which was also the three years of Qing Xuantong as mentioned at the beginning. It was not until 1924 that Watson joined CTR before it officially changed its name to IBM.

IBM的前身实际上是CTR。它成亚博平台网页登录立于1911年,也是开始时提到的清宣统三年。直到1924年,沃森才加入CTR,然后正式将其更名为IBM。

In fact, at that moment, IBM was already engaged in the "computer" industry. Speaking of this, there will definitely be knowledgeable friends who said: The world's first general-purpose computer ENIAC was invented in 1946. I read a lot, and you can't fool me!

实际上,那时,IBM已经从事“计算机”行业。说到这一点,肯定会有知识渊博的朋友说:世界上第一台通用计算机ENIAC于1946年发明。我读了很多书,你不能骗我!

It's true, because IBM was manufacturing automatic tabulation machines and punching machines for calculations. Yes, it's a very papery computing device.

的确如此,因为IBM正在制造用于计算的自动制表机和打孔机。是的,这是一个非常纸质的计算设备。

Personal struggle is certainly important, but in many cases the progress of history is unstoppable. Soon after its founding, IBM encountered the biggest economic crisis in the history of the capitalist world, but IBM was not knocked down, but instead got a good development opportunity.

个人奋斗固然重要,但在许多情况下,历史的进步是不可阻挡的。成立后不久,IBM遇到了资本主义世界历史上最大的经济危机,但是IBM并没有被打倒,而是获得了很好的发展机会。

Because Roosevelt's New Deal vigorously built infrastructure, it hired a lot of civil servants. The government's demand for tabulating machines, punching machines, and the like has fattened IBM.

由于罗斯福的《新政》大力建设基础设施,因此雇用了许多公务员。政府对制表机,打孔机等的需求使IBM蒸蒸日上。

There is a small episode in the middle of World War II. IBM also chased the tuyere and produced a large wave of submachine guns and other weapons. After all, they are all playing mechanical technology, which is not bad in the eyes of IBM.

第二次世界大战中期有一小段情节。 IBM还追逐了风口,并生产了大量的冲锋枪和其他武器。毕竟,他们都在玩机械技术,这在IBM看来还不错。

Of course, after World War II, the glory of the mechanical age faded quickly. We must all understand from the perspective of God that the age of electronic computers is coming.

当然,在第二次世界大战之后,机械时代的荣耀迅速消失了。我们都必须从上帝的角度理解电子计算机的时代正在到来。

But Watson the old and his son Watson Jr. didn't know this. After World War II, they had a disagreement on the future of IBM. Old Watson thinks that electronic computers are not reliable, they are all bubbles, and machinery is the romance of men!

但是老沃森和他的儿子沃森(Watson Jr.)不知道这一点。第二次世界大战后,他们对IBM的未来存在分歧。老沃森认为电子计算机是不可靠的,它们都是泡沫,而机械是人类的浪漫!

Little Watson felt that the future is the computer.

Little Watson认为未来就是计算机。

In the end, Watson persuaded his father that IBM decided to bet on electronic computers and gradually reduce the investment in machinery. Yes, he was right this time.

最终,沃森说服父亲,IBM决定押注电子计算机,并逐渐减少对机械的投资。是的,他亚博平台网页登录这次是对的。

It is worth mentioning that during the 20 years when Watson Jr. took charge of IBM, IBM's average annual growth rate was as high as 30%. How to put it simply, many P2P wealth management products have an annual return rate of less than 30%.

值得一提的是,在Watson Jr.接管IBM的20年中,IBM的平均年增长率高达30%。简而言之,许多P2P财富管理产品的年收益率不到30%。

Because of previous close business relationships, these large electronic computers are also sold to large companies and government agencies.

由于以前的紧密业务关系,这些大型电子计算机也被卖给了大型公司和政府机构。

But often walking by the river, how can you not wet your shoes. Soon the personal PC era has arrived, and IBM is indeed right, but this time, IBM only guessed the beginning but not the end.

但是经常在河边散步,怎么不弄湿鞋子。很快,个人PC时代到来了,IBM的确是正确的,但是这次,IBM只猜测了开始,而不是结尾。

Because IBM thinks that the most profitable thing for a personal computer is to sell hardware. Any single machine can sell thousands of dollars. The software is just a little bit of minced meat based on the hardware ecology. IBM's PC did indeed reach a dominant position for a while.

因为IBM认为个人计算机最赚钱的是出售硬件。任何一台机器都能卖出数千美元。该软件只是基于硬件生态的一些碎肉。 IBM的PC确实确实占据了统治地位一段时间。

But because the major hardware of the IBM PC is actually provided by a third-party company, the operating system DOS is Microsoft's. Until now, it is a computer city installed computer.

但是,因为IBM PC的主要硬件实际上是由第三方公司提供的,所以操作系统DOS是Microsoft的。到现在为止,它是一台安装在计算机城中的计算机。

The only BIOS with core technology was quickly cracked, so IBM compatible machines made by other companies soon appeared, and IBM became one of many hardware suppliers. With the increase of competitors, profits It has also become lower and lower, and software has become the most profitable.

唯一具有核心技术的BIOS很快就被破解了,因此很快出现了亚博2020最新版网址其他公司生产的IBM兼容机,并且IBM成为众多硬件供应商之一。随着竞争者的增加,利润也越来越低,软件也成为最赚钱的。

Of course, the story between IBM and Apple and Microsoft is also magnificent. Interested friends can go to find out.

当然,IBM与苹果和微软之间的故事也很精彩。有兴趣的朋友可以去了解一下。

In 1993, Gerstner became the new CEO of IBM, and IBM once again ushered in its golden decade. With his vigorous reforms, IBM has also returned its focus to the service industry including business management and technical consulting. 75% of the world's top 100 companies are using IBM services.

1993年,Gerstner成为IBM的新首席执行官,IBM再次迎来了其黄金十年。通过他的大力改革,IBM还将其重心转移到了服务行业,包括业务管理和技术咨询。全球排名前100位的公司中有75%在使用IBM服务。

Of course, because the company is getting bigger and bigger, IBM itself has more and more problems. Big company diseases such as complicated structure, inefficiency, bureaucracy, etc. make IBM perilous.

当然,由于公司规模越来越大,IBM本身也遇到了越来越多的问题。大公司的疾病,如结构复杂,效率低下,官僚作风等,使IBM处于危险之中。

The former CEO of IBM Gerstner even compared the company to an "elephant" in the era of competition. He has been unable to keep up with his opponents.

在竞争时代,IBM Gerstner的前首席执行官甚至将该公司比作“大象”。他一直无法跟上他的对手。

In order to streamline the company, IBM sold its PC brand ThinkPad to Lenovo in 2005.

为了简化公司,IBM在2005年将其PC品牌ThinkPad出售给了联想。

A year later, its hard drive business was sold to Hitachi. In 2014, it sold its PC chip business upside down. In the same year, IBM sold its x86 server business to Lenovo.

一年后,其硬盘业务出售给了日立。 2014年,它颠倒了出售PC芯片业务。同年,IBM将其x86服务器业务出售给了联想。

But even under such sales, IBM's Q4 financial report in 2014 showed that its net profit fell 11% year-on-year.

但是,即使在这样的销售额下,IBM 2014年第四季度财务报告显示其净利润同比下降了11%。

Perhaps because of the busy weight loss, the Internet Express IBM has not caught up. It has become a small fortune for IBM to provide services to large companies and government agencies with peace of mind.

也许由于忙于减肥,IBM尚未使用Internet Express。 IBM可以安心地为大型公司和政府机构提供服务已成为一笔小小的财富。

But IBM has chosen another way to make progress while betting on the future.

但是,IBM选择了另一种方式在押注未来的同时取得进展。

In 2006, IBM, Google, Amazon and other companies put forward the concept of cloud computing.

2006年,IBM,Google,Amazon等公司提出了云计算的概念。

Although there has been a layout, under the impact of other companies, the company's revenue has fallen by 25% in the past eight years, which has also strengthened IBM's willingness to increase its stakes, and change is imminent.

尽管已经进行了布局,但在其他公司的影响下,该公司的收入在过去八年中下降了25%,这也增强了IBM增持股份的意愿,而且变革迫在眉睫。

IBM's move to split the family can be said to be poor while thinking about change. After the separation, IBM will focus on the trillion-dollar cloud and AI market; and NewCo will focus on transforming the existing architecture, which is worth about 500 billion. Dollar.

在考虑变革时,可以说IBM分裂家庭的举动并不成功。分离后,IBM将专注于价值数万亿美元的云和AI市场; NewCo将专注于改造价值约5,000亿美元的现有架构。美元。

Therefore, IBM believes that AI and cloud computing are larger markets and the future.

因此,IBM相信AI和云计算是亚博2020最新版网址更大的市场和未来。

It turns out that everything is in the plan. Looking at it this way, can you understand the recent separation of IBM and the decision to focus on cloud computing and AI?

事实证明,一切都在计划中。以这种方式看待,您是否能理解IBM最近的分离以及专注于云计算和AI的决定?

Jack Ma once said that he hopes his company can live for 102 years. But one of the biggest characteristics of the technology circle is that it is fast to update and can survive for hundreds of years. IBM can be said to be a very successful case.

马云曾经说过,希望他的公司能活102年。但是,技术圈的最大特点之一是它的更新速度很快,并且可以存活数百年。可以说IBM是一个非常成功的案例。

Jack Ma himself admired IBM very much. At the first World Intelligence Conference, Jack Ma said: We should see where Google has gone, where IBM has gone, and the world. The most important thing to see is the future. . .

马云本人非常欣赏IBM。在第一届世界情报会议上,马云说:我们应该看到Google走到哪里,IBM走到哪里以及世界。最重要的是要看到未来。 。 。

From automatic tabulation machines to munitions, from mainframe computers to PCs, and from current IT service solutions to cloud computing and AI, transformation seems to have become commonplace for IBM.

从自动制表机到弹药,从大型计算机到个人计算机,再到当前的IT服务解决方案,再到云计算和AI,对于IBM而言,转换似乎已变得司空见惯。

However, for the giant IBM, every change requires the determination of the strong man to break his arm.

但是,对于巨人IBM而言,每一个变化都需要坚强的人断臂的决心。

"But who said that elephants can't dance?" former IBM CEO Gerstner said in his autobiography.

“但是谁说大象不会跳舞呢?” IBM前首席执行官Gerstner在自传中说。

 
 
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